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Battle of Feroze Shahr and Subhrao, the British had never before faced such a fierce and fierce battle in India.Achi News

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Battle of Feroze Shahr and Subhrao, the British had never before faced such a fierce and fierce battle in India.

The battle of Feroze Shahr and Subhrao, the British in India were so tough before that….

Author: Prof. Azizuddin Ahmed

Episode: 53

Battle of Feroze City:

This battle took place on 21 December 1845 at a distance of 10 miles from Madki and Ferozpur. In this battle, the Punjab army was again killed by its commanders. The importance of this battle can be judged from the fact that Governor-General Lord Hardinge himself commanded part of the English army. After the war he wrote: “Never before had the British in India been so fiercely contested in any battle, nor had we ever faced so many dangers.” And all the Governor-General’s staff were wounded, except Captain Harding.

Battle of Subrao:

This battle was fought on 10 February 1846 at a distance of 10 miles from Ferozpur. At that time the command of the Punjab Army was in the hands of Commander-in-Chief General Tej Singh. He also did with his army what Lal Singh had done before him. As soon as the first attack was made, Teich Singh left the army, which was fighting bravely, and fled, crossed the Sutlej, and hid himself in his own territory. On his way he also broke the bridge of boats on the Sutlej so that no reinforcements could arrive to help the Punjabi army and there was no way to retreat. Despite the betrayal of the commander-in-chief, the soldier fights bravely. Major General Sir Robert Dick lost his life in this battle. This general fought against Napoleon at Waterloo and is a well-known general. Commenting on this battle, Cunningham wrote: “The soldiers of the army and the officers of low rank did very well to defend the majesty of the court at Lahore. But senior army officers and civilians failed.

The First Sikh War broke the back of the Punjab army and seriously damaged its organization. In this war, 8 thousand soldiers were killed and thousands were wounded. All the artillery was captured by the British.

On February 12, 1846, the British army crossed the Sutlej and entered Punjab, whose independence was being negotiated. The British capture Kasur. On behalf of the Lahore Darbar, Gulab Singh Dogra came to settle the terms of peace with the British. On 18 February 1846, the British Governor-General summoned Maharaja Dilip Singh to replace Liliani and declared his submission. 2 days later the British Governor-General along with the Commander-in-Chief encamped in Mian Mir Cantonment. On March 8, 1846, the following agreement was reached between the Lahore Darbar and the British.

-1 The East India Company recognized Maharaja Dilip Singh as the sovereign ruler of the Punjab. As the Raja was a minor, his mother would be the agent and Lal Singh would be the minister.

– 2 Lahore Darbar will reduce the number of armed forces. The infantry will not exceed 20 thousand, and the cavalry – 12 thousand

3. All guns which have been used against the British will be left in the custody of the Company.

-4 If the British army should pass through Lahore, the Lahore Durbar will provide facilities to the British forces.

– 5 A detachment of the British Army will remain at Lahore until the end of the year to help establish peace and order and its expenses will be paid by the Lahore Darbar.

– 7 British permanent staff to remain at Lahore Darbar.

– 8 Lahore Darbar to pay one and a half crores of war ransom.

The treasury was completely empty, there was no money to pay the ransom. The British had already come up with a solution. For one crore of rupees he took the Doaba Bast of Jalandhar, situated between the Sutlej and the Beas. And in return for the remaining 50 crore rupees, he gave the whole of Kashmir and Hazara to Raja Gulab Singh and made him an independent ruler. The Maharaja was now responsible only to the Company for matters in these territories. ( to be continued )

Note: This book is published by Knizhen Dom. The institution does not necessarily share the views of the author (All rights reserved).

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